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William Eberhard


Méndez, Vivian and Eberhard, William G. 2014. Removal of genital plugs and insemination by males with normal and experimentally modified palps in Leucauge mariana (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Journal of Arachnology, 42(2):284-292 , Journal of Arachnology

Aisenberg, Anita, Barrantes, Gilbert and Eberhard, William G. 2014. Hairy kisses: tactile cheliceral courtship affects female mating decisions in Leucauge mariana (Araneae, Tetragnathidae). Doi: 10.1007/s00265-014-1844-2


Ang, Yuchen; Puniamoorthy, Jayanthi; Pont, Adrian C.; Bartak, Miroslav; Blanckenhorn, Wolf U.; Eberhard, William G.; Puniamoorthy, Nalini; Silva, Vera C.; Munari, Lorenzo; Meier, Rudolf. 2013. A plea for digital reference collections and other science-based digitization initiatives in taxonomy: Sepsidnet as exemplar. Systematic Entomology, 38(3): 637-644. , Systematic Entomology


Eberhard, William G.; Wcislo, William T.. 2012. Plenty of room at the bottom? Tiny animals solve problems of housing and maintaining oversized brains, shedding new light on nervous-system evolution. American Scientist, 100(3): 226-233.. , American Scientist

Briceno, R. D.; Eberhard, William G.. 2012. Spiders avoid sticking to their webs: clever leg movements, branched drip-tip setae, and anti-adhesive surfaces. Naturwissenschaften, 99(4): 337-341.. , Naturwissenschaften

Barrantes, Gilbert; Eberhard, William G.. 2012. Extreme Behavioral Adjustments by an Orb-Web Spider to Restricted Spaces. Ethology, 118(5): 438-449.. , Ethology

Eberhard, William G.; Hesselberg, Thomas. 2012. Cues that Spiders (Araneae: Araneidae, Tetragnathidae) Use to Build Orbs: Lapses in Attention to One Set of Cues because of Dissonance with Others?. Ethology, 118(7): 610-620. , Ethology


Eberhard, W. G. 2011. Experiments with genitalia: a commentary. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26(1), 17-21. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2010.10.009 , Trends in Ecology & Evolution

Briceño, R. D. & Eberhard, W. G. 2011. The hub as a launching platform: rapid movements of the spider Leucauge mariana (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) as it turns to attack prey. Journal of Arachnology, 39(1), 102–112. , Journal of Arachnology

Eberhard, W. G. & Wcislo, W. T. 2011. Morphological and behavioral consequences of physiological limitations in miniature arthropods. Advances in Insect Physiology. , Advances in Insect Physiology

Quesada, Rosannette; Triana, Emilia; Vargas, Gloria; Douglass, John K.; Seid, Marc A.; Niven, Jeremy E.; Eberhard, William G.; Wcislo, William T.. 2011. The allometry of CNS size and consequences of miniaturization in orb-weaving and cleptoparasitic spiders. Arthropod Structure & Development, 40(6): 521-529.. , Arthropod Structure & Development

Eberhard, W. G. 2011. Are smaller animals behaviourally limited? Lack of clear constraints in miniature spiders. Animal Behaviour, 81(4), 813-823. , Animal Behaviour


Eberhard, W.G. (2010) Cryptic Female Choice. In: Breed M.D. and Moore J., (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 1, pp. 430-434 Oxford: Academic Press. , Oxford: Academic Press

Barrantes, G. & Eberhard, W. G. 2010. Ontogeny repeats phylogeny in Steatoda and Latrodectus spiders. Journal of Arachnology, 38(3), 485–494. , Journal of Arachnology

Gonzaga, M., Sobczak, J., Penteado-Dias, A. & Eberhard, W. 2010. Modification of Nephila clavipes (Araneae Nephilidae) webs induced by the parasitoids Hymenoepimecis bicolor and H. robertsae (Hymenoptera Ichneumonidae). Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 22(2), 151–165. , Ethology Ecology & Evolution

Eberhard, W. G. 2010. Recovery of spiders from the effects of parasitic wasps: implications for fine-tuned mechanisms of manipulation. Animal Behaviour, 79(2), 375–383. , Animal Behaviour

Eberhard, W. G. & Huber, B. A. 2010. Spider Genitalia. Pp. 249-284 in J. Leonard & A. Cordoba (eds.) The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Animals. , The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Animals

Eberhard, W. G. 2010. Rapid divergent evolution of genitalia. Pp. 40-78 in J. Leonard & A. Cordoba (eds.) The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Animals. , The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Animals

Moya, J., R. Quesada, G. Barrantes, WG Eberhard, I. Escalante, C. Esquivel, A. Rojas, E. Triana and A. Arias. 2010. Egg sac construction by folding dead leaves in Pozonia nigroventris and Micrathena sp. (Araneae: Araneidae). Journal of Arachnology, 38(2):371-373. , Journal of Arachnology

Briceño, R. D., Wegrzynek, D., Chinea-Cano, E., Eberhard, W. G. & dos Santos Rolo, T. 2010. Movements and morphology under sexual selection: tsetse fly genitalia. Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 22(4), 385–391. , Ethology Ecology & Evolution

Eberhard, W. G. 2010. New types of behavioral manipulation of host spiders by a parasitoid wasp. Psyche, Article ID 950614, 1-4. , Psyche

Eberhard, W. G. 2010. Possible functional significance of spigot placement on the spinnerets of spiders. Journal of Arachnology, 38(3), 407–414. , Journal of Arachnology


Peretti, A. V. & Eberhard, W. G. 2009. Cryptic female choice via sperm dumping favours male copulatory courtship in a spider. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 23(2), 271–281. , Journal of Evolutionary Biology

Eberhard, W. G. 2009. Book Review: Art for art’s sake. Ethology, 115, 1-2. , Ethology

William G. Eberhard. 2009. Evolution of genitalia – theories, evidence, and new directions. Genetica. 2009. , Genetica

Eberhard, W. G., Rodriguez, R. L. & Polihronakis, M. 2009. Pitfalls in understanding the functional significance of genital allometry. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22(3), 435–445. , Journal of Evolutionary Biology

Briceño, R. D. & Eberhard, W. G. 2009. Experimental demonstration of possible cryptic female choice on male tsetse fly genitalia. Journal of Insect Physiology, 55(11), 989–996. , Journal of Insect Physiology

Aisenberg, A. & Eberhard, W. G. 2009. Female cooperation in plug formation in a spider: effects of male copulatory courtship. Behavioral Ecology, 20(6), 1236. , Behavioral Ecology

Eberhard, W. G. & Gelhaus, J. K. 2009. Genitalic stridulation during copulation in a species of crane fly, Tipula (Bellardina) sp. (Diptera: Tipulidae). Revista de Biología Tropical, 57(Suppl. 1), 251–256. , Revista de Biología Tropical

Eberhard, W. G. 2009. Static allometry and animal genitalia. Evolution, 63(1), 48–66. , Evolution

Eberhard, W. G. 2009. Postcopulatory sexual selection: Darwin’s omission and its consequences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(Suppl 1), 10025-10032. , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Briceño, R. D. & Eberhard, W. G. 2009. Experimental modifications imply a stimulatory function for male tsetse fly genitalia, supporting cryptic female choice theory. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22(7), 1516–1525. , Journal of Evolutionary Biology


Eberhard, W. G. 2008. Araneus expletus (Araneae, Araneidae): another stabilimentum that does not function to attract prey. Journal of Arachnology, 36(1), 191–194. , Journal of Arachnology

Barrantes, G., Eberhard, W. G. & Weng, J. L. 2008. Seasonal patterns of parasitism of the tropical spiders Theridion evexum (Araneae, Theridiidae) and Allocyclosa bifurca (Araneae, Araneidae) by the wasps Zatypota petronae and Polysphincta gutfreundi (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Revista de Biología Tropical, 56(2), 749–754. , Biol. Trop.

Eberhard, W. G., Agnarsson, I. & Levi, H. W. 2008. Web forms and the phylogeny of theridiid spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae): chaos from order. Systematics and Biodiversity, 6(4), 415–475. , Systematics and Biodiversity

Eberhard, W. G., Barrantes, G. & Madrigal-Brenes, R. 2008. Vestiges of an orb-weaving ancestor? The “biogenetic law” and ontogenetic changes in the webs and building behavior of the black widow spider Latrodectus geometricus (Araneae Theridiidae). Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 20(3), 211–244. , EEE


Eberhard, W. G. 2007. Miniaturized orb-weaving spiders: behavioural precision is not limited by small size. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274(1622), 2203-2209. , Proceedings of the Royal Society

Baena, ML; Eberhard, W. G. 2007. Appearances deceive: female "resistance" behaviour in a sepsid fly is not a test of male ability to hold on. Ethology Ecology & Evolution. 19 (1) pp. 27-50. , EEE

Briceño, R. D., Eberhard, W. G. & Shelly, T. 2007. Male courtship behavior in Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) that have received aromatherapy with ginger root oil. Florida Entomologist, 90(1), 175–179. , Florida Entomologist

Eberhard, W. G. 2007. Stabilimenta of Philoponella vicina (Araneae: Uloboridae) and Gasteracantha cancriformis (Araneae: Araneidae): evidence against a prey attractant function. Biotropica, 39(2), 216–220. , Biotropica

Eberhard, W. G. 2007. Swarming behavior of two parasitic wasps, Leurus caeruliventris (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) and Conura sp.(Hymenoptera: Chalcididae), at the same site. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 80(3), 255–258. , JKES

Barrantes, G. & Eberhard, W. G. 2007. The evolution of prey-wrapping behaviour in spiders. Journal of Natural History, 41(25-28), 1631–1658. , Journal of Natural History

Briceño, R. D., Eberhard, W. G., Vilardi, J., Cayol, J. P. & Shelly, T. 2007. Courtship behavior of different wild strains of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae). Florida Entomologist, 90(1), 15–18. , Florida Entomologist

Jörger, K. M. & Eberhard, W. G. 2006. Web construction and modification by Achaearanea tesselata (Araneae, Theridiidae). Journal of Arachnology, 34(3), 511–523. , The Journal of Arachnology

Briceño, R. D., Eberhard, W. G. & Robinson, A. S. 2007. Copulation behaviour of Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Muscidae) outside and inside the female, with a discussion of genitalic evolution. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97(5), 471–488. , Cambridge University Press


Eberhard, W. G., Barrantes, G. & Weng, J. L. 2006. Tie them up tight: wrapping by Philoponella vicina spiders breaks, compresses and sometimes kills their prey. Naturwissenschaften 93(5), 251-254.

Daniel Briceño, William Eberhard, Juan Vilardi, Jean-Pierre Cayol and Todd Shelly. 2006. Courtship Behavior of Different Wild Strains of Ceratitis Capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae).

Flowers, W. & Eberhard, W. G. 2006. Fitting together: copulatory linking in some Neotropical Chrysomeloidea. Revista de Biología Tropical, 54(3), 829–842 , Revista de Biologia Trocipal

Eberhard, W. G. 2006. Sexually Reversed Copulatory courtship roles and possible nuptial feeding in the soldier beetle Ditemnus acantholabus (Champion 1915) (Coleoptera: Cantharidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 79(1), 13–22. , Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society

Eberhard, W. G. 2006. Dispersal by Ummidia spiderlings (Araneae, Ctenizidae): ancient roots of aerial webs and orientation? Journal of Arachnology, 34(1), 254–257. , The Journal of Arachnology

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