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Harilaos Lessios


Q. Jossart, C. De Ridder, H.A. Lessios. M. Bauwens, S. Motreuil, T. Rigaud, R.A. Wattier, B. David. 2017. Highly contrasted genetic structures between a sea urchin and its parasitic crab in the Caribbean Sea. Ecology and Evolution DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3413

Hiller, A and H. A Lessios. 2017. Phylogeography of Petrolisthes armatus, an invasive species with low dispersal ability. Scientific Reports 7: 3359. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03410-8

Coppard, S.A. and H. A. Lessios. 2017. Phylogeography of the sand dollar genus Encope: implications regarding the Central American isthmus and rates of molecular evolution. Scientific Reports 7: 11520. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-11875-w

A. O’Dea, H. A. Lessios, A. G. Coates, R. I. Eytan, S. A. Restrepo-Moreno, A. L. Cione, L. S. Collins, A. de Queiroz, D. W. Farris, R. D. Norris, R. F. Stallard, M. O. Woodburne, O. Aguilera, M.-P. Aubry, W. A. Berggren, A. F. Budd, M. A. Cozzuol, S. E. Coppard, H. Duque-Caro, S. Finnegan, G. M. Gasparini, E. L. Grossman, K. G. Johnson, L. D. Keigwin, N. Knowlton, E. G. Leigh, J. S. Leonard-Pingel, P. B. Marko, N. D. Pyenson, P. G. Rachello-Dolmen, E. Soibelzon, L. Soibelzon, J. A. Todd, G. J. Vermeij, J. B. C. Jackson, 2017. Building bridges. Response to Erkens and Hoorn: “The Panama Isthmus, ‘old’, ‘young’ or both?”. Science Advances, [Letter].


Aaron O’Dea, Harilaos A. Lessios, Anthony G. Coates, Ron I. Eytan, Laurel S. Collins, Alberto L. Cione, Alan de Queiroz, David W. Farris, Richard D. Norris, Sergio A. Restrepo-Moreno, Robert F. Stallard, Michael O. Woodburne, Orangel Aguilera, Marie-Pierre Aubry, William A. Berggren, Ann F. Budd, Mario A. Cozzuol, Simon E. Coppard, Herman Duque-Caro, Seth Finnegan, Germán M. Gasparini, Ethan L. Grossman, Kenneth G. Johnson, Lloyd D. Keigwin, Nancy Knowlton, Egbert G. Leigh, Jill S. Leonard-Pingel, Peter B. Marko, Nicholas D. Pyenson, Paola G. Rachello-Dolmen, Esteban Soibelzon, Leopoldo Soibelzon, Jonathan A.Todd, Geerat J. Vermeij, Jeremy B.C. Jackson. 2016c. Formation of the Isthmus of Panama. Science Advances, 2: 8, e1600883. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600883

Lessios, Harilaos A. 2016. The Great Diadema antillarum Die-Off: 30 Years Later. Annual Review of Marine Science, 8: 267-283..

Sergio A. Balaguera-Reina, Miryam Venegas-Anaya, Andrés Sánchez, Italo Arbelaez, Harilaos A. Lessios, Llewellyn D. Densmore III. 2016b. Spatial Ecology of the American Crocodile in a Tropical Pacific Island in Central America. PLOS one DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0157152


S. A. Balaguera-Reina, M. Venegas-Anaya, O. I. Sanjur, H. A. Lessios, L. D. Densmore. 2015. Reproductive Ecology and Hatchlings' Growth Rates of American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) on Coiba Island, Panama. South American Journal of Herpetology 10:10-22

Armstrong, Anne F. and Lessios, Harilaos A. 2015. The evolution of larval developmental mode: insights from hybrids between species with obligately and facultatively planktotrophic larvae. Evolution & Development, doi:10.1111/ede.12133

C.J. Moura, R.S Santos, H. Lessios, A Collins. 2015. Large-scale DNA barcoding of marine hydroids of the superfamily Plumularioidea (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa). Genome, 58, 259 [Abstract]

Q. Jossart, L. B. Geyer, and H.A. Lessios. 2015b. Characterization of eight microsatellite loci for the sea-urchin Meoma ventricosa (Spatangoida, Brissidae) through Next Generation Sequencing. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 59:100-103

Lessios, Harilaos A. 2015. Appearance of an early closure of the Isthmus of Panama is the product of biased inclusion of data in the metaanalysis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(43)

S. Jagadeeshan, S. E. Coppard and H.A. Lessios. 2015. Evolution of gamete attraction molecules: evidence for purifying selection in speract and its receptor, in the pantropical sea urchin Diadema. Evolution and Development 17:92-108

H.A. Lessios and N. Knowlton. 2015. Middle Miocene closure of the Central American Seaway. Science [Comment]


B.W. Bowen, K. Shanker, N. Yasuda, M.C.D Malay, S. von der Heyden, G. Paulay, L.A Rocha, K. A. Selkoe, P.H Barber, S.T. Williams, H.A. Lessios, E.D. Crandall, G. Bernardi, C.P. Meyer, K.E. Carpenter, R.J. Toonen. 2014. Phylogeography unplugged: Comparative geographic surveys in the genomic era. Bulletin of Marine Science. 90: 13-46.

L. A. Rocha, A. Aleixo, G. Allen, F. Almeda,1 C. C. Baldwin, M. V. L. Barclay, J. M. Bates, A. M. Bauer, F. Benzoni, C. M. Berns, M. L. Berumen, D. C. Blackburn, S. Blum, F. Bolaños, R. C. K. Bowie, R. Britz, R. M. Brown, C. D. Cadena, K. Carpenter, L. M. Ceríaco, P. Chakrabarty, G. Chaves, J. H. Choat, K. D. Clements, B. B. Collette, A. Collins, J. Coyne, J. Cracraft, T. Daniel, M. R. de Carvalho, K. de Queiroz, F. Di Dario, R. Drewes, J. P. Dumbacher, A. Engilis Jr. M.V. Erdmann, W. Eschmeyer, C. R. Feldman, B. L. Fisher, J. Fjeldså, P. W. Fritsch, J. Fuchs, A. Getahun, A. Gill, M. Gomon, T. Gosliner, G. R. Graves, C. E. Griswold, R. Guralnick, K. Hartel, K. M. Helgen, H. Ho, D. T. Iskandar, T. Iwamoto, Z. Jaafar, H. F. James, D. Johnson, D. Kavanaugh, N. Knowlton, E. Lacey, H. K. Larson, P. Last, J. M. Leis, H. Lessios, J. Liebherr, M. Lowman, D. L. Mahler, V. Mamonekene, K. Matsuura, G. C. Mayer,45 H. Mays Jr.,46 J. McCosker, R. W. McDiarmid, J. McGuire, M. J. Miller, R. Mooi, R. D. Mooi, C. Moritz, P. Myers, M. W. Nachman, R. A. Nussbaum, D. Ó Foighil, L. R. Parenti, J. F. Parham, E. Paul, G. Paulay, J. Pérez-Emán, A. Pérez-Matus, S. Poe, J. Pogonoski, D. L. Rabosky, J. E. Randall, J. D. Reimer, D. R. Robertson, M.-O. Rödel, M. T. Rodrigues, P. Roopnarine, L. Rüber, M. J. Ryan, F. Sheldon, G. Shinohara, A. Short, W. B. Simison, W. F. Smith-Vaniz, V. G. Springer, M. Stiassny, J. G. Tello, C. W. Thompson, T. Trnski, P. Tucker, T. Valqui, M. Vecchione, E. Verheyen, P. C. Wainwright, T. A. Wheeler, W.T. White, K. Will, J. T. Williams, G. Williams, E. O. Wilson, K. Winker, R. Winterbottom, C. C. Witt. 2014. Specimen collection: An essential tool. Science, 344:814-815. [Letter].


S. E. Coppard, K. S. Zigler, and H. A. Lessios. 2013 Phylogeography of the sand dollar genus Mellita: cryptic speciation along the coasts of the Americas. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 69:1033-1042.

Lessios, Harilaos A. 2013. Natural population density fluctuations of Echinoids. Do they help predict the future?. , : 341-359.

Lessios, H. A. and Robertson, D.R. 2013. Speciation on a round planet: Phylogeography of the goatfish genus Mulloidichthys. Journal of Biogeography, pp. 1-12

Lessios, Harilaos A.; Lasker, Howard R.; Levitan, Don R.. 2013. The Use of scuba to study early life histories of marine invertebrates. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 39: 87-99.


H. A. Lessios and K.S. Zigler. 2012. Rates of sea urchin bindin evolution. Pp. 136-141 in R.S. Singh, J. Xu, and R.J. Kulathinal. Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems. Oxford Univ. Press., Oxford.

H. A. Lessios, S. Lockhart, R. Collin, G. Sotil, P. Sanchez-Jerez, K. S. Zigler, A. F. Perez, M. J. Garrido, L.B. Geyer, G. Bernardi, V. D. Vacquier, R. Haroun, B.D. Kessing. 2012. Phylogeography and bindin evolution in Arbacia, a sea urchin genus with an unusual distribution. Molecular Ecology, 21: 130-144

K. S. Zigler, M. Byrne, E. C. Raff, H. A. Lessios, and R.A. Raff. 2012. Natural hybridization in the sea urchin genus Pseudoboletia between species without apparent barriers to gamete recognition. Evolution. 66: (6) 1695-1708. DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01609.x

Lessios, H.A. 2012 A sea water barrier to coral gene flow. Molecular Ecology 21:5390-5392.


H. A. Lessios, 2011 Speciation genes in free-spawning marine invertebrates Integrative and Comparative Biology 51 (3): 456-465


D. E. Zulliger and H. A. Lessios. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships in the genus Astropecten (Paxillosida: Asteroidea) on a global scale: molecular evidence for morphological convergence, occurrence of species-complexes and possible cryptic speciation. Zootaxa, 2504: 1-19

H.A. Lessios. 2010. Speciation in sea urchins. pp. 91-101. In: L.G. Harris, S.A. Bottger, C.W. Walker and M.P. Lesser (eds) Echinoderms: Durham. Proceedings of the 12th Echinoderm Conference, Durham, New Hampshire. CRC Press, London


L. B. Geyer and H.A. Lessios. 2009. d Lack of character displacement on the male recognition molecule, bindin, in Atlantic sea urchins of the genus Echinometra. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26:2135–2146

R. Sponer and H.A. Lessios. 2009e. Mitochondrial phylogeography of the intertidal isopod Excirolana braziliensis on the two sides of the Isthmus of Panama. pp. 219-228. In: M.A. Lang, I.G. Macintyre, and K. Rützler (eds.) Proceedings of the Marine Science Symposium. (Smithsonian contributions to the marine sciences, no. 38). Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. Washington, D.C.

Maria Pia Miglietta, and Harilaos A. Lessios. 2009. A silent invasion. Biol Invasions 11:825–834

T. Duda and H.A. Lessios. 2009c Connectivity of populations within and between major biogeographic regions of the tropical Pacific in a widespread marine gastropod. Coral Reefs 28: 651-659

I. Calderon, X. Turon and H.A. Lessios 2009. Characterization of the sperm molecule bindin in the sea urchin genus Paracentrotus. Journal of Molecular Evolution 68: 366-376


C. Vogler, J. Benzie, H.A. Lessios, P. Barber and G. Wörheide. 2008. A threat to coral reefs multiplied? Four species of crown-of-thorns starfish. Biol. Lett. 4: 696-699.

Luiz A. Rocha, Kenyon C. Lindeman, Claudia R. Rocha, H.A. Lessios. 2008. Historical biogeography and speciation in the reef fish genus Haemulon (Teleostei: Haemulidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 48: 918–928

Kirk S. Zigler, H. A. Lessios and Rudolf A. Raff. 2008. Egg Energetics, Fertilization Kinetics, and Population Structure in Echinoids With Facultatively Feeding Larvae. Biol. Bull. 215: 191-199.

Lessios, H. A. 2008 The Great American Schism: Divergence of marine organisms after the rise of the Central American Isthmus Annual Reviews of Ecology Evolution and Systematics 39 63–91


G.G. Mittelbach, D. Schemske, H. V. Cornell, A. P. Allen, J. Brown, M. Bush, S. P. Harrison, A. Hurlbert, N. Knowlton, H. A. Lessios, C. M. McCain, A. R. McCune, Lucinda A. McDade, M. A. McPeek, T. J. Near, T. D. Price, R. E. Ricklefs, K. Roy, D. F. Sax, D. Schluter, J. M. Sobel, M. Turelli. 2007. Evolution and the latitudinal diversity gradient: Speciation, extinction, and biogeography. Ecology Letters, 10:315-331

H.A. Lessios. 2007. Reproductive isolation between species of sea urchins. Bulletin of Marine Science, 81: 191–208.

H.A. Lessios. 2007. Admission that intelligent design is a religious view. Nature, 448:22


M.J. Hickerson, E.A. Stahl, H.A. Lessios. 2006. Test for simultaneous divergence using approximate Bayesian Computation. Evolution 60: 2435-2453

H.A. Lessios and D. R. Robertson. 2006. Crossing the impassable: genetic connections in 20 reef fishes across the Eastern Pacific Barrier.


Lessios, H.A. 2005. Echinoids of the Pacific Waters of Panama: Status of knowledge and new records. Rev. Biol. Tropical 53 (sup. 3):147-170

H.A. Lessios. 2005. Diadema populations twenty years following mass mortality. Coral Reefs 24:125-127

S.R. Palumbi and H.A. Lessios. 2005. Evolutionary Animation: How do molecular phylogenies compare to Mayr’s reconstruction of speciation patterns? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA. 102:6566-6572

B. Stockley, A. B. Smith, T. Littlewood, H. A. Lessios, and J.A. Mackenzie-Dodds. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of spatangoid sea urchins (Echinoidea): taxon sampling density and congruence between morphological and molecular estimates. Zoologica Scripta, 34:447-468

K.S. Zigler, M.A. McCartney, D. R. Levitan and H. A. Lessios. 2005. Sea urchin bindin divergence predicts gamete compatibility. Evolution 59:2399-2404


McCartney, M.A and H.A. Lessios. 2004. Adaptive evolution of sperm bindin tracks egg incompatibility in neotropical sea urchins of the genus Echinometra. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21:732-745

Zigler K.S. and H.A. Lessios. 2004. Speciation on the coasts of the new world: Phylogeography and the evolution of bindin in the sea urchin genus Lytechinus. Evolution, 58:1225-1241


Zigler K.S., E. Raff, E. Popodi, R. Raff, and H.A. Lessios. 2003. Adaptive evolution of bindin in the genus Heliocidaris is correlated with the shift to direct development. Evolution. 57(10), 2293-2302.

Zigler, K. and H.A. Lessios 2003b. 250 million years of bindin evolution. Biological Bulletin 205:8-15

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